Employment is a difficult process: there is always a risk not only to get into a bad team, but also to run into scammers. At Superjob.ru, the risk of encountering unscrupulous employers is practically nullified, however, you will probably use not only our portal, but also other resources in your job searches. In order not to be in an unpleasant situation, be extremely careful.
How to distinguish a decent employer from a rogue? Specialists of Superjob.ru tell about it.
Step one - read carefully
“Work in the office 4 hours a day, 3 times a week. Salary 200 000 rub. Requirements: age 18–80, education does not matter ”- such announcements should alert any job seeker. Do not waste your time and talent on a not entirely legal business. Be sure: if the mountains promise you a job announcement, then gold can turn into sand.
When looking for work, follow the logic: the higher the salary promised in the vacancy, the higher the requirements for applicants should be. If the amount is six-digit, be prepared for multi-stage interviews and test tasks. The functionality, even a very wide one, should be clearly and clearly described in the vacancy, and not just with the words “office work” or “a manager is required”.
Step Two - Draw up a Dossier
So, the vacancy is selected. Before sending a resume or going for an interview, conduct an express analysis of company information. Take a look at what kind of site the company has, what information is presented on it, how much fresh news has been posted, what they are about, what the former employees write in the reviews about the work - in a word, make a mini dossier for yourself.
However, reading reviews, do not believe everything that the authors talk about. Often fired employees use online forums as a means of revenge on a company whose career has not developed. Separate facts from emotions. It is one thing if a former employee writes that a salary was regularly delayed in the company (this is a fact, albeit in need of verification), and it is completely different if he speaks poorly about colleagues (these are emotions).
After examining the information, you will make a more deliberate decision whether you should go for an interview. So, stale news on the site may indicate stagnation in the company. The absence of the page "contacts" should be at all alarming.
Step Three - Call the Recruiter
If the vacancy is "fake", then you will hardly be able to find out something by phone. As a rule, scammers do not want to go into details, promising to tell everything about future work at an interview. Often they don’t even voice the name of the company, convincing, for example, that the company is new and very promising, and just now there is a set of employees.
Be sure to ask about the employment contract. Decent employers do not abandon their duties to conclude a normal labor contract, but scammers will surely avoid the answer in every possible way.
However, there are exceptions to this rule. Often, even reputable companies offer to execute some types of work (project or one-time) under a civil law agreement (contract, copyright, etc.).
Step Four - Lock Wallet
One of the main rules when looking for a job is to not pay anyone. As a rule, recruitment agencies do not take payment from applicants, but from employers. If you go directly to the company, there’s absolutely nothing to pay either - you came here to earn money, and not to spend.
What can scammers ask for? There are several options - for training (“Here we will teach you the technique of calling customers, and immediately start earning”), for any material values that will be provided to you (“You need to leave a deposit for dietary supplements that you will offer”) or for working tools ( e.g. customer database).
Step Five - Interview
Finally, how to calculate an employer fraudster for an interview? Evaluate the premises in which employees work. Does it have computers, other office equipment? How inhabited does it look? If the office has only desks and telephones, be on your guard - it is possible that this is a one-day company.
At the same time, the office of a successful company does not have to be in the center of the city and amaze with designer refinements. The main thing is for you to see that people are working in the room, on their monitors are texts and tables, on the walls are plans and schedules.
If there are too many people in the reception company or in another room where visitors or applicants are met, evaluate who these people are and why are they all here at the same time? Numerous candidates for vacant positions - are there too many of them in relation to the scale of the company? Dissatisfied customers who came to return wasted money? Or maybe just students who are waiting for a meeting with the CEO as part of some kind of “open day”?
What is fraud? 5 main pretexts for cheating!
Fraud means the fact of seizure of property (various values) from one person in favor of another (fraudster) fraudulently. That is, the offender is rubbed into confidence in the victim and, under a “weighty” pretext, lures money or other valuables. Such activities are punishable by law. In a "virtual" environment - this rule works in exactly the same way. You can’t lure money from a person and disappear! This is also a crime!
On the Internet, fraud occurs most often under the following pretexts:
- Help for the afflicted.
- Unlocking options for programs, applications.
- Profitable purchase of goods.
- Raffle of valuable prizes.
Fraudsters are looking for more and more new options for "earnings". We will describe the most common of them, but readers should understand that only attention to detail and a responsible attitude to money can truly protect against the tricks of dishonorable people. So, let's get down to a detailed study of what Internet fraud is and what it is!
Ways of fraud on the Internet: TOP 10 most common ways to cheat!
All types and methods are unlikely to be listed, they are so diverse. Nevertheless, we will try to protect our readers from the most common fraud schemes, having familiarized yourself with them, you will begin to be wary of “profitable” offers on the Internet. In addition, for convenience, we have compiled a rating of online fraud methods. We begin to consider it from the last place (the method that is used less often), and then we will determine the leader.
10 PLACE. How to cheat on the Internet: the story of an escaped bride!
The advent of the Internet has greatly facilitated and reduced the cost of communication between people who are in different parts of the world. Now you can contact a resident of any country almost for free. On this basis, dating sites began to develop actively, the activity of which is to create international couples. Unfortunately, it happens that the unification of hearts is their mission only in words. Often the essence of the activity of such resources is to banally lure money from foreigners. There are two options for the development of events.
The administration of the site really provides the opportunity to communicate with the girls to foreigners using emails or video chat. The first way is free, the second is paid. With the help of letters, the client’s interest in the girl is heated, and both “brides” and the site owner earn money on paid video chats. In addition, the groom is given the opportunity to buy a gift certificate for their chosen one. Such an idea, a girl receives a certificate that she should spend on a specific goal - SPA, a bouquet of flowers, jewelry, etc.
The deception lies in the fact that beauty certificates are usually taken away with money, and for reporting they are simply photographed with a borrowed bouquet of flowers, for example. Most often hired workers communicate through letters, rather than the girls themselves. They go to chat because of money, and not out of a sincere desire to communicate with a foreigner. Therefore, the money that a man spends is a pleasant side job for attractive girls and decent earnings for the site owner. But only!
But there are also sites that are built on the principle of a social network only with a "marriage" bias. Communication is completely free. Foreigners can choose a girl, view her profile and start a conversation. What is online fraud in this case? And the fact is that “brides” (behind a photo that even a man can hide) simply find a foreigner, start communication, and then beg for money under various pretexts. Naturally, after this questionnaire disappears without a trace.
Such pseudo brides ask for money for tickets to the chosen one, to help suddenly sick relatives, to pay a loan, and so on. Typically, such requests begin after several months of romantic communication. After the transfer, the girls stop communicating and disappear.
9 PLACE. Fraud on the Internet for the sale of goods!
The attractiveness of online stores can not be overestimated: a wide selection, affordable price, door-to-door delivery. In modern virtual stores, you can find anything you want at a price lower than in ordinary stores. We are so used to buying on the Internet that we often become inattentive, which is what scammers use. By inertia, we trust all stores, regardless of its recognition and the availability of reviews.
Usually the scheme is as follows: a one-page website is created on which the goods of one nomenclature attribute are laid out. For example, children's shoes of a certain brand. The price of the goods offered is usually very "tasty", that is, below the average market price. On this site there are no reviews, no attractive interface. Only minimal information and, possibly, a filter for easy search. Contact details are also filled very poorly. For example, only one landline phone number is indicated and nothing else.
Such online stores work most often at 100% prepayment. The buyer selects the product and then pays for it. After which, within the specified period, he expects the goods to be sent. Naturally, no one will send the order anywhere. By calling the specified phone, the buyer will find that either he is not being serviced, or simply do not pick up the phone.
It so happens that the conditions provide for the possibility of payment upon receipt of the goods. In this case, after placing the order, the buyer receives a message on the contact e-mail or phone that in case of prepayment, delivery is free (or information about other benefits). At the same time, it’s often necessary to pay off not bank details, but an electronic wallet number! Naturally, the pseudo seller disappears after receiving the money!
7 PLACE. Phishing: catch a fish big and small!
An extremely dangerous method of online fraud is phishing. Its essence is to trick the victim of sensitive data: passwords, PIN codes, numbers, and CVV2 codes. There are a lot of schemes that help to get the necessary data.
For example, they may call you allegedly from a bank and inform you that you urgently need to change your password for your account in Internet banking, since the time of use has expired. To do this, they ask to inform the old password and confirm the action by dictating the code from SMS that you received on the phone. This can not be done in any case! You are simply robbed. In fact, nothing needs to be changed. Just in this way, scammers found out how to log in to their account and confirmed their entry.
How to avoid becoming a victim of scammers? Remember: there can be a lot of pretexts under which they ask to provide personal data. They sound very believable! However, do not forget to carefully read what comes in SMS! And which code are you going to tell the stranger. If you are asked to change your password, unlock your account, and the like, first make sure that the problem really exists. Even if the card, account, account is blocked, the client can always remove the lock during a personal visit to the bank branch! There is no urgency!
There is another option for cheating. A fraudster calls a person who is a client of a bank and reports that he has a loan debt and a penalty has been charged. To which he hears the answer that there is no credit and, apparently, an error has occurred. Then a very polite “bank employee” asks for clarification of personal data in order to check the availability of debt. And a person frightened by a mistaken debt, without hesitation, reports everything that is asked of him. Then all money disappears from his account!
It is worth noting that online fraud is an activity that people with certain skills often engage in. For example, talented programmers, hackers, former bank employees. That is, they need to get a minimum of information to withdraw money. Therefore, you should not particularly rely on the fact that a login, password, confirmation by phone or PIN code will truly protect you. They save from amateur fraudsters, and only attentiveness will save from the pros!
5 PLACE. Join the anti-virus community!
Computer viruses are one of the most amazing phenomena of our time. It would seem, why create programs that spoil other programs? The answer is banal: to create a huge variety of useful software to combat malware. And any good software costs money. That is, bad programs are written to sell good ones! This is such a legal fraud.
But there are also programmers who are not interested in making money on software drugs for operating systems. They work easier: they create a virus that, getting on your computer, asks for money in order to unlock the device. A striking example of such a program is Trojan.Encoder.20.
This virus is extremely dangerous in that it is automatically downloaded to the network user’s computer when visiting certain sites. The program encrypts all the data on the PC, and then self-destructs. When you try to open any file on the screen, a requirement appears to pay an amount of $ 10 to $ 90 via SMS to gain access.
Naturally, nothing can be paid. The problem will not go away. It is best to try to eliminate the effects of the virus with antiviruses. If this does not work, then contact a specialist. In extreme cases, you will reinstall the operating system.
4 PLACE. Domain substitution: the main content, not the wrapper!
Another recently popular way of fraud on the Internet is domain substitution. If explaining as simply as possible, then the domain is the address of the site. The substitution of this address is carried out using a virus that infected the computer’s operating system. By entering the address of the site you need, the victim gets to the copy site. Then enters the registration data. At this moment, a message appears on the screen about the need to confirm the entry via SMS to a short number. You guess how it will end? Naturally, all the money is lost from the phone. In addition to the obvious monetary reward, fraudsters receive personal user data.
Often fake sites cannot be distinguished. If this is your first time seeing such a message on the screen, try logging into the same account from another device. Check if they will ask for SMS confirmation or not. If not, then do not send a message, because this is fraud on the Internet! Your computer needs to be scanned by an antivirus, and your account needs a password change.
Most often, copies are made on social networks. Having gained access to data, scammers use accounts to send different messages on your behalf to other users of the network. The content may be different, but the message will necessarily contain a link to a “useful” program. By following the link, the recipient will make a big mistake, because a virus will also be downloaded onto his computer, the main task of which is to replace the domain.
3RD PLACE. Internet fraud: a romantic trick!
Not so long ago, resourceful programmers "pleased" all users of mobile networks with a new virus! This time the idea was very intriguing! SMS messages began to come to the phones of subscribers: “I look at the photo, remember us.” Tex supplemented the link. After clicking on it, the subscriber’s money began to disappear from the mobile phone account.
On July 27, 2016, a resident of the city of Serpukhov wrote a statement to the police. The 32-year-old girl claims that after clicking on the link, her phone disconnected. After rebooting the system, she saw that SMS had arrived from her bank, in which it was reported that 5,000 rubles had been written off from the account! In addition to SMS, she discovered several new programs on her mobile device that downloaded without her knowledge.
How to avoid becoming a victim of scammers? Do not follow the links that were sent from unknown numbers. Do not pay attention to intriguing signatures. Fraudsters are people who know how to manipulate their victims. Having received a similar SMS message, just delete it! If you accidentally clicked on the link, save the necessary data from the phone and reset it to the factory settings. Такая мера поможет стереть вирусы с телефона, потому что антивирусы для андроид или IOS их обычно не видят!
2 МЕСТО. Финансовые пирамиды: о старом по-новому!
Что такое финансовая пирамида? Это особая организация, которая предлагает вложить немного денег и через некоторое время получить крупную сумму. Достигается это за счет прихода новых вкладчиков, часть от взноса которых переходит на ваш счет. Чем больше после вас будет участников, тем больше вы заработаете. The most famous at the moment is the MMM financial pyramid.
It would seem that there is not much bad invested, received a lot. The fact is that no one knows when this organization will stop accepting contributions. Last depositors lose their money. Really earn only those who connected to the "construction" in the beginning and in the middle.
At the moment, the network has a large number of sites that offer to invest in the pyramids, and earn thousands of dollars by making a contribution not exceeding $ 10. This is a lie! You will spend money, and after a while the resource will simply disappear from the Internet, leaving you with your nose! Many scammers create pseudo official websites of Sergei Mavrodi (creator of MMM). Do not believe it, the last MMM pyramid ceased operations in 2012 and has not resumed since then.
Another special type of financial pyramid scheme is network marketing. Not all, of course! And only MLM companies that offer to buy another product, which is essentially rubbish. However, they often require payment of entry fees!
1 PLACE. Remote work: do not believe the words, but believe the deeds!
The winner of our rating is unemployment fraud on the Internet! The fact is that people in their quest to find work often become blind! Working through the Internet is still a fairly young industry, therefore, to deceive a person who does not know how everything is arranged is simple.
How to cheat on the Internet with work? A lot of options! The most common are:
- Offer to do the job. For example, write text, create a picture, mount a video. They get the result and do not pay it.
- They offer a high stable income with minimal time. For example, advertising. After weeks of hard work, the employee receives several thousand rubles instead of the promised “Golden Mountains”. They explain this to him in different ways: he just started, then there will be more, no condition is met, few clicks on links and so on. This continues for a long time until a person realizes that he is being deceived.
- They offer a job with good pay, but first you need to make an insurance premium! This is often the case with typesetting jobs. They suggest typing text from photos. For one page 100 rubles, but you need to make a contribution in case you do not complete the work on time and the customer does not get the result! This is a lie. Make a contribution and your very sociable and friendly employer will instantly disappear! The same thing happens with the collection of pens at home. You need to pay for the pens that will be sent to you at the specified address. Of course, no one will send anything!
Therefore, be careful! Do not trust those who offer big money with a minimum investment of labor - this is fraud. Never in employment do not agree to pay for anything! Money must pay you, not you! This is an immutable rule! If you are trying to find a job, the article “How to find a job: 4 steps to the goal, 7 facts that an employer needs to know, 4 rules for preparing for an interview + TOP-8 ideas for earning via the Internet!” Will help in this difficult task!