We are often asked - how to bend cardboard so that it does not break at the fold?
First, you need to be able to properly score!
Scoring is a pressing through with a blunt knife on paper fold lines, so that the sheet is easily and evenly bent. But this, if we are talking about special creasing equipment, in printing houses. And at home, usually scoring is carried out using an embossing stick or a special bone stick (you can also use a ballpoint pen with a used rod, a dull awl or a knitting needle) and a ruler along which the “bigi” scoring lines are drawn (simply pressed through) on paper or cardboard in places of alleged folds. If the bendable cardboard or paper is thick enough or cracks when bent, you can draw two big bins with an interval of about 1 mm.
In any case, before creating your own masterpiece, we recommend that you practice on samples of each specific paper or cardboard.
Secondly, the location of paper fibers in a sheet of paper plays an important role. There are many different methods for determining the orientation of fibers; we describe two of them:
1. Tear a piece of paper first along and then across. Compare 2 breaks. A more even gap corresponds to the direction of the paper fibers. See Figure 1. “Paper tears smoother along the fibers.”
2. Fold a sheet of paper along and then across. Compare the smoothness of the folds. A smoother fold extends along the fibers. The fold across the fibers is coarser and more brittle. See Figure 2. “A smoother fold runs along the fibers”
Accordingly, you will get a better big (fold) when scoring, when the fold is parallel to the long fibers of the paper.
Answers to MaxaFly Birdies
Question from larisa
Tell me how to gently bend cardboard onto a postcard?
I get a sloppy fold with creases.
There are several ways to make a beautiful crease (scoring):
1. The simplest and most economical: mark the middle of the sheet (or the place where the fold should be), apply a ruler, draw a line with a non-writing pen, awl or knitting needle. It is better to do this on a special mock-up rug (you can try to put a corrugated cardboard) so that the line is not just indicated, but also slightly sold. Fold the sheet, iron along the fold line, for example, with a plastic ruler. If the paper is thick and does not fold very well, you can put it under the press for a while (a stack of books).
2. Use a cutter with a special scoring blade. I use the Fiskars 'Nouveau Portable Trimmer 12inch' torch and bought replaceable blades for it (orange for cutting, black for scoring).
3. There is a tool for creating bends - a special bone stick, which can be used to draw a bend line and iron to better fix the bend. It can be used both for a ruler and with a cutter: simply draw a line along the hole along which the blade goes. Video on the use of this shelf can be seen here.
There are many videos on YouTube with examples of using this tool. You can see them by following the link. Video comparing scoring boards - Martha Stewart Score Board and Scor-Pal.
If you use thick and thick cardboard for the base, then a simple creasing will not help you much. In this case, it is better to cut the fold line a bit - with the tip of a pair of scissors or an office knife.
In general, experiment with base paper - different in quality, in density, it behaves differently on folds.
Question from Lepesto4ex
In what cases is it appropriate to treat the edge of the paper with scissors or a special little thing from Tim Holtz.
And after processing, is it necessary to make a decorative line?
The edge is processed if you want to create the effect of scuffing, aging.. Most often, this technique is used in works in the style of vintage, shabby chic, heritage. And in the style of Clean and Simple, in children's works, this will be, perhaps, superfluous.
Decorative stitching, of course, is optional, but it gives the work a special charm, and often looks more advantageous. Although, for example, the famous Polish craftswoman Nimucha does not always use the line in works with an aged edge. In this case, the card seems lighter, not heavier.